Vortrag Caroline Bruzelius
von 18:15 bis 20:15
Preaching, Building, and Burying: Friars in the Medieval City
Franciscans and Dominicans arrived in cities crowded by population growth as well as by parochial and monastic institutions. Through their externalized action in the city (especially outdoor preaching) and the appeal of their dedication to apostolic poverty, friars soon became an integral part of urban life. In many cities mendicant convents soon became civic and social, as well as religious, centers. But mendicant success caused deep tension with the other clergy.
This paper will suggest that mendicant architecture was deeply conditioned by the environment of local and ecclesiastical contestation that surrounded this new religious movement. As a result, the construction of mendicant convents was an opportunistic process contingent on the struggles for legitimacy in addition to funding and property acquisition. By the late thirteenth century it seems likely that their role in the inquisition assisted friars in enhancing their authority and legitimacy, and in some locations (Naples, Padua, Florence) financing their buildings.
Prof. Dr. Caroline Bruzelius
is a specialist in medieval architecture and sculpture in France and Italy. She has published on Gothic monuments such as Notre-Dame in Paris and St.-Denis, as well as on the Angevin churches of Naples. Her forthcoming book is on the architecture of the mendicant orders and the medieval city.
Bruzelius is engaged with visualization technologies for the study of medieval buildings and urban space; she is a founding partner of both Visualizing Venice (http://visualizingvenice.org), and Wired! (http://www.dukewired.org). Both initiatives are committed to training young scholars with the potential of digital tools for the study of architecture, sculpture, and urban space. She has been awarded numerous grants for research, including the Guggenheim Foundation, the Fulbright Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Radcliffe Institute at Harvard. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is currently Richard Krautheimer Visiting Professor at the Hertziana Library in Rome.